Thursday, 2 May 2013

List of Tortoise Species

Tortoises are a family of land-dwelling reptiles in the order Testudines. Like their marine relatives, the sea turtles, tortoises are shielded from predators by a shell. The top part of the shell is the carapace, the underside is the plastron, and the two are connected by the bridge. The tortoise endoskeleton has the adaptation of having an external shell fused to the ribcage. Tortoises can vary in size from a few centimeters to two meters. They are usually diurnal animals with tendencies to be crepuscular depending on the ambient temperatures. They are generally reclusive animals.


List of Tortoise Species:

Aldabrachelys Gigantea
Aldabra giant tortoise
Geochelone gigantea
Dipsochelys gigantea
Aldabrachelys abrupta
Astrochelys Gray
Astrochelys radiata, radiated tortoise
Astrochelys yniphora, angulated tortoise, (Madagascan) plowshare tortoise, angonoka
Chelonoidis Fitzinger
Chelonoidis carbonaria, red-footed tortoise
Chelonoidis chilensis, pampas tortoise, South Argentine tortoise
Chelonoidis denticulata, Brazilian giant tortoise, yellow-footed tortoise
Chelonoidis nigra complex
Chelonoidis abingdonii, Pinta Island giant tortoise, Abingdon Island giant tortoise (extinct)
Chelonoidis becki, Volcan Wolf giant tortoise, Cape Berkeley giant tortoise
Chelonoidis chathamensis, San Cristobal giant tortoise, Chatham Island giant tortoise
Chelonoidis darwini, San Salvador giant tortoise, James Island giant tortoise
Chelonoidis duncanensis, Pinzon giant tortoise, Duncan Island giant tortoise
Chelonoidis hoodensis, Espanola giant tortoise, Hood Island giant tortoise
Chelonoidis nigra, Floreana giant tortoise, Charles Island giant tortoise (extinct)
Chelonoidis phantastica, Fernandina giant tortoise, Narborough Island giant tortoise (extinct)
Chelonoidis porteri, Santa Cruz giant tortoise, Indefatigable Island giant tortoise
Chelonoidis vicina, Isabela Island giant tortoise, Albemarle Island giant tortoise
Chelonoidis petersi, Chaco tortoise, northern Argentine tortoise
Chersina
Chersina angulata, Angulate Tortoise, South African bowsprit tortoise
Colossochelys
Colossochelys atlas, Atlas tortoise (extinct) 
Cylindraspis (all species extinct) following Austin and Arnold
Cylindraspis indica, synonym Cylindraspis borbonica, Reunion giant tortoise
Cylindraspis inepta, Mauritius giant domed tortoise
Cylindraspis peltastes, Rodrigues domed tortoise
Cylindraspis triserrata, Mauritius giant flat-shelled tortoise
Cylindraspis vosmaeri, Rodrigues giant saddleback tortoise
Geochelone
Geochelone elegans, Indian star tortoise
Geochelone platynota, Burmese star tortoise
Geochelone sulcata, African spurred tortoise (Sulcata tortoise)
Hadrianus
Hadrianus corsoni (syn. H. octonarius)
Hadrianus robustus
Hadrianus schucherti
Hadrianus utahensis
Homopus
Homopus areolatus, parrot-beaked tortoise, beaked Cape tortoise, common padloper
Homopus boulengeri, Karoo dwarf tortoise, Boulenger's Cape tortoise, Karoo padloper
Homopus femoralis, greater dwarf tortoise, greater padloper
Homopus signatus, speckled tortoise, speckled padloper, speckled padloper tortoise
Homopus solus, Nama tortoise, Berger's cape tortoise, Nama padloper, synonym Homopus bergeri
Indotestudo
Indotestudo elongata, elongated tortoise, yellow-headed tortoise
Indotestudo forstenii, Forsten’s tortoise, East Indian tortoise
Indotestudo travancorica, Travancore tortoise
Kinixys
Kinixys belliana, Bell's hinge-back tortoise
Kinixys erosa, Forest hinge-back tortoise, serrated hinge-back tortoise
Kinixys homeana, Home's hinge-back tortoise
Kinixys lobatsiana, Lobatse hinge-back tortoise
Kinixys natalensis, Natal hinge-back tortoise
Kinixys spekii, Speke's hinge-back tortoise
Malacochersus
Malacochersus tornieri, pancake tortoise 
Psammobates
Psammobates geometricus, geometric tortoise
Psammobates oculifer, serrated tent tortoise, Kalahari tent tortoise
Psammobates tentorius, African tent tortoise
Pyxis
Pyxis arachnoides, (Madagascan) spider tortoise
Pyxis planicauda, flat-backed spider tortoise, (Madagascan) flat-tailed tortoise, flat-tailed spider tortoise
Stigmochelys Gray
Stigmochelys pardalis, leopard tortoise
Testudo
Testudo graeca, Greek tortoise, spur-thighed tortoise, Moorish tortoise
Testudo hermanni, Hermann's tortoise
Testudo horsfieldii, Russian tortoise, steppe tortoise, Horsfield's tortoise, or Central Asian tortoise
Testudo kleinmanni, Egyptian tortoise, including Negev tortoise
Testudo marginata, marginated tortoise
Subfamily Xerobatinae Agassiz
Gopherus
Gopherus agassizii, Mojave Desert tortoise, Agassiz's desert tortoise
Gopherus berlandieri, Texas tortoise, Berlandier's tortoise
Gopherus flavomarginatus, Bolson tortoise
Gopherus morafkai, Sonoran Desert tortoise, Morajak's desert tortoise
Gopherus polyphemus, gopher tortoise
Manouria
Manouria emys, Asian giant tortoise, brown tortoise (mountain tortoise)
Manouria impressa, impressed tortoise
Stylemys (Genus extinct)
Stylemys botti
Stylemys calaverensis
Stylemys canetotiana
Stylemys capax
Stylemys conspecta
Stylemys copei
Stylemys emiliae
Stylemys frizaciana
Stylemys karakolensis
Stylemys nebrascensis (syn. S. amphithorax)
Stylemys neglectus
Stylemys oregonensis
Stylemys pygmea
Stylemys uintensis
Stylemys undabuna


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